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Cutting Out

From: Arizona Nights

It was somewhere near noon by the time we had bunched and held the herd
of some four or five thousand head in the smooth, wide flat, free from
bushes and dog holes. Each sat at ease on his horse facing the cattle,
watching lazily the clouds of dust and the shifting beasts, but ready
at any instant to turn back the restless or independent individuals
that might break for liberty.

Out of the haze came Homer, the round-up captain, on an easy lope. As
he passed successively the sentries he delivered to each a low command,
but without slacking pace. Some of those spoken to wheeled their
horses and rode away. The others settled themselves in their saddles
and began to roll cigarettes.

"Change horses; get something to eat," said he to me; so I swung after
the file traveling at a canter over the low swells beyond the plain.

The remuda had been driven by its leaders to a corner of the pasture's
wire fence, and there held. As each man arrived he dismounted, threw
off his saddle, and turned his animal loose. Then he flipped a loop in
his rope and disappeared in the eddying herd. The discarded horse,
with many grunts, indulged in a satisfying roll, shook himself
vigorously, and walked slowly away. His labour was over for the day,
and he knew it, and took not the slightest trouble to get out of the
way of the men with the swinging ropes.

Not so the fresh horses, however. They had no intention of being
caught, if they could help it, but dodged and twisted, hid and doubled
behind the moving screen of their friends. The latter, seeming as
usual to know they were not wanted, made no effort to avoid the men,
which probably accounted in great measure for the fact that the herd as
a body remained compact, in spite of the cowboys threading it, and in
spite of the lack of an enclosure.

Our horses caught, we saddled as hastily as possible; and then at the
top speed of our fresh and eager ponies we swept down on the chuck
wagon. There we fell off our saddles and descended on the meat and
bread like ravenous locusts on a cornfield. The ponies stood where we
left them, "tied to the ground", the cattle-country fashion.

As soon as a man had stoked up for the afternoon he rode away. Some
finished before others, so across the plain formed an endless
procession of men returning to the herd, and of those whom they
replaced coming for their turn at the grub.

We found the herd quiet. Some were even lying down, chewing their cuds
as peacefully as any barnyard cows. Most, however, stood ruminative, or
walked slowly to and fro in the confines allotted by the horsemen, so
that the herd looked from a distance like a brown carpet whose pattern
was constantly changing--a dusty brown carpet in the process of being
beaten. I relieved one of the watchers, and settled myself for a wait.

At this close inspection the different sorts of cattle showed more
distinctly their characteristics. The cows and calves generally rested
peacefully enough, the calf often lying down while the mother stood
guard over it. Steers, however, were more restless. They walked
ceaselessly, threading their way in and out among the standing cattle,
pausing in brutish amazement at the edge of the herd, and turning back
immediately to endless journeyings. The bulls, excited by so much
company forced on their accustomed solitary habit, roared defiance at
each other until the air fairly trembled. Occasionally two would clash
foreheads. Then the powerful animals would push and wrestle, trying
for a chance to gore. The decision of supremacy was a question of but
a few minutes, and a bloody topknot the worst damage. The defeated one
side-stepped hastily and clumsily out of reach, and then walked away.

Most of the time all we had to do was to sit our horses and watch these
things, to enjoy the warm bath of the Arizona sun, and to converse with
our next neighbours. Once in a while some enterprising cow, observing
the opening between the men, would start to walk out. Others would
fall in behind her until the movement would become general. Then one
of us would swing his leg off the pommel and jog his pony over to head
them off. They would return peacefully enough.

But one black muley cow, with a calf as black and muley as herself, was
more persistent. Time after time, with infinite patience, she tried it
again the moment my back was turned. I tried driving her far into the
herd. No use; she always returned. Quirtings and stones had no effect
on her mild and steady persistence.

"She's a San Simon cow," drawled my neighbour. "Everybody knows her.
She's at every round-up, just naturally raisin' hell."

When the last man had returned from chuck, Homer made the dispositions
for the cut. There were present probably thirty men from the home
ranches round about, and twenty representing owners at a distance, here
to pick up the strays inevitable to the season's drift. The round-up
captain appointed two men to hold the cow-and-calf cut, and two more to
hold the steer cut. Several of us rode into the herd, while the
remainder retained their positions as sentinels to hold the main body
of cattle in shape.

Little G and I rode slowly among the cattle looking everywhere. The
animals moved sluggishly aside to give us passage, and closed in as
sluggishly behind us, so that we were always closely hemmed in wherever
we went. Over the shifting sleek backs, through the eddying clouds of
dust, I could make out the figures of my companions moving slowly,
apparently aimlessly, here and there.

Our task for the moment was to search out the unbranded J H calves.
Since in ranks so closely crowded it would be physically impossible
actually to see an animal's branded flank, we depended entirely on the

Did you ever notice how any animal, tame or wild, always points his
ears inquiringly in the direction of whatever interests or alarms him?
Those ears are for the moment his most prominent feature. So when a
brand is quite indistinguishable because, as now, of press of numbers,
or, as in winter, from extreme length of hair, the cropped ears tell
plainly the tale of ownership. As every animal is so marked when
branded, it follows that an uncut pair of ears means that its owner has
never felt the iron.

So, now we had to look first of all for calves with uncut ears. After
discovering one, we had to ascertain his ownership by examining the
ear-marks of his mother, by whose side he was sure, in this alarming
multitude, to be clinging faithfully.

Calves were numerous, and J H cows everywhere to be seen, so in
somewhat less than ten seconds I had my eye on a mother and son.
Immediately I turned Little G in their direction. At the slap of my
quirt against the stirrup, all the cows immediately about me shrank
suspiciously aside. Little G stepped forward daintily, his nostrils
expanding, his ears working back and forth, trying to the best of his
ability to understand which animals I had selected. The cow and her
calf turned in toward the centre of the herd. A touch of the reins
guided the pony. At once he comprehended. From that time on he needed
no further directions.

Cautiously, patiently, with great skill, he forced the cow through the
press toward the edge of the herd. It had to be done very quietly, at
a foot pace, so as to alarm neither the objects of pursuit nor those
surrounding them. When the cow turned back, Little G somehow happened
always in her way. Before she knew it she was at the outer edge of the
herd. There she found herself, with a group of three or four
companions, facing the open plain. Instinctively she sought shelter.
I felt Little G's muscles tighten beneath me. The moment for action
had come. Before the cow had a chance to dodge among her companions
the pony was upon her like a thunderbolt. She broke in alarm, trying
desperately to avoid the rush. There ensued an exciting contest of
dodgings, turnings, and doublings. Wherever she turned Little G was
before her. Some of his evolutions were marvellous. All I had to do
was to sit my saddle, and apply just that final touch of judgment
denied even the wisest of the lower animals. Time and again the turn
was so quick that the stirrup swept the ground. At last the cow,
convinced of the uselessness of further effort to return, broke away on
a long lumbering run to the open plain. She was stopped and held by
the men detailed, and so formed the nucleus of the new cut-herd.
Immediately Little G, his ears working in conscious virtue, jog-trotted
back into the herd, ready for another.

After a dozen cows had been sent across to the cut-herd, the work
simplified. Once a cow caught sight of this new band, she generally
made directly for it, head and tail up. After the first short struggle
to force her from the herd, all I had to do was to start her in the
proper direction and keep her at it until her decision was fixed. If
she was too soon left to her own devices, however, she was likely to
return. An old cowman knows to a second just the proper moment to
abandon her.

Sometimes, in spite of our best efforts a cow succeeded in circling us
and plunging into the main herd. The temptation was then strong to
plunge in also, and to drive her out by main force; but the temptation
had to be resisted. A dash into the thick of it might break the whole
band. At once, of his own accord, Little G dropped to his fast,
shuffling walk, and again we addressed ourselves to the task of pushing
her gently to the edge.

This was all comparatively simple--almost any pony is fast enough for
the calf cut--but now Homer gave orders for the steer cut to begin, and
steers are rapid and resourceful and full of natural cussedness.
Little G and I were relieved by Windy Bill, and betook ourselves to the
outside of the herd.

Here we had leisure to observe the effects that up to this moment we
had ourselves been producing. The herd, restless by reason of the
horsemen threading it, shifted, gave ground, expanded, and contracted,
so that its shape and size were always changing in the constant area
guarded by the sentinel cowboys. Dust arose from these movements,
clouds of it, to eddy and swirl, thicken and dissipate in the currents
of air. Now it concealed all but the nearest dimly-outlined animals;
again it parted in rifts through which mistily we discerned the riders
moving in and out of the fog; again it lifted high and thin, so that we
saw in clarity the whole herd and the outriders and the mesas far away.
As the afternoon waned, long shafts of sun slanted through this dust.
It played on men and beasts magically, expanding them to the dimensions
of strange genii, appearing and effacing themselves in the billows of
vapour from some enchanted bottle.

We on the outside found our sinecure of hot noon-tide filched from us
by the cooler hours. The cattle, wearied of standing, and perhaps
somewhat hungry and thirsty, grew more and more impatient. We rode
continually back and forth, turning the slow movement in on itself.
Occasionally some particularly enterprising cow would conclude that one
or another of the cut-herds would suit her better than this mill of
turmoil. She would start confidently out, head and tail up, find
herself chased back, get stubborn on the question, and lead her pursuer
a long, hard run before she would return to her companions. Once in a
while one would even have to be roped and dragged back. For know,
before something happens to you, that you can chase a cow safely only
until she gets hot and winded. Then she stands her ground and gets
emphatically "on the peck."

I remember very well when I first discovered this. It was after I had
had considerable cow work, too. I thought of cows as I had always seen
them--afraid of a horseman, easy to turn with the pony, and willing to
be chased as far as necessary to the work. Nobody told me anything
different. One day we were making a drive in an exceedingly broken
country. I was bringing in a small bunch I had discovered in a pocket
of the hills, but was excessively annoyed by one old cow that insisted
on breaking back. In the wisdom of further experience, I now conclude
that she probably had a calf in the brush. Finally she got away
entirely. After starting the bunch well ahead, I went after her.

Well, the cow and I ran nearly side by side for as much as half a mile
at top speed. She declined to be headed. Finally she fell down and
was so entirely winded that she could not get up.

"Now, old girl, I've got you!" said I, and set myself to urging her to
her feet.

The pony acted somewhat astonished, and suspicious of the job. Therein
he knew a lot more than I did. But I insisted, and, like a good pony,
he obeyed. I yelled at the cow, and slapped my bat, and used my quirt.
When she had quite recovered her wind, she got slowly to her feet--and
charged me in a most determined manner.

Now, a bull, or a steer, is not difficult to dodge. He lowers his
head, shuts his eyes, and comes in on one straight rush. But a cow
looks to see what she is doing; her eyes are open every minute, and it
overjoys her to take a side hook at you even when you succeed in
eluding her direct charge.

The pony I was riding did his best, but even then could not avoid a
sharp prod that would have ripped him up had not my leather bastos
intervened. Then we retired to a distance in order to plan further;
but we did not succeed in inducing that cow to revise her ideas, so at
last we left her. When, in some chagrin, I mentioned to the round-up
captain the fact that I had skipped one animal, he merely laughed.

"Why, kid," said he, "you can't do nothin' with a cow that gets on the
prod that away 'thout you ropes her; and what could you do with her out
there if you DID rope her?"

So I learned one thing more about cows.

After the steer cut had been finished, the men representing the
neighbouring ranges looked through the herd for strays of their brands.
These were thrown into the stray-herd, which had been brought up from
the bottom lands to receive the new accessions. Work was pushed
rapidly, as the afternoon was nearly gone.

In fact, so absorbed were we that until it was almost upon us we did
not notice a heavy thunder-shower that arose in the region of the
Dragoon Mountains, and swept rapidly across the zenith. Before we knew
it the rain had begun. In ten seconds it had increased to a deluge,
and in twenty we were all to leeward of the herd striving desperately
to stop the drift of the cattle down wind.

We did everything in our power to stop them, but in vain. Slickers
waved, quirts slapped against leather, six-shooters flashed, but still
the cattle, heads lowered, advanced with slow and sullen persistence
that would not be stemmed. If we held our ground, they divided around
us. Step by step we were forced to give way--the thin line of
nervously plunging horses sprayed before the dense mass of the cattle.

"No, they won't stampede," shouted Charley to my question. "There's
cows and calves in them. If they was just steers or grown critters,
they might."

The sensations of those few moments were very vivid--the blinding beat
of the storm in my face, the unbroken front of horned heads bearing
down on me, resistless as fate, the long slant of rain with the sun
shining in the distance beyond it.

Abruptly the downpour ceased. We shook our hats free of water, and
drove the herd back to the cutting grounds again.

But now the surface of the ground was slippery, and the rapid
manoeuvring of horses had become a matter precarious in the extreme.
Time and again the ponies fairly sat on their haunches and slid when
negotiating a sudden stop, while quick turns meant the rapid
scramblings that only a cow-horse could accomplish. Nevertheless the
work went forward unchecked. The men of the other outfits cut their
cattle into the stray-herd. The latter was by now of considerable
size, for this was the third week of the round-up.

Finally everyone expressed himself as satisfied. The largely
diminished main herd was now started forward by means of shrill cowboy
cries and beating of quirts. The cattle were only too eager to go.
From my position on a little rise above the stray-herd I could see the
leaders breaking into a run, their heads thrown forward as they snuffed
their freedom. On the mesa side the sentinel riders quietly withdrew.
From the rear and flanks the horsemen closed in. The cattle poured out
in a steady stream through the opening thus left on the mesa side. The
fringe of cowboys followed, urging them on. Abruptly the cavalcade
turned and came loping back. The cattle continued ahead on a trot,
gradually spreading abroad over the landscape, losing their integrity
as a herd. Some of the slower or hungrier dropped out and began to
graze. Certain of the more wary disappeared to right or left.

Now, after the day's work was practically over, we had our first
accident. The horse ridden by a young fellow from Dos Cabesas slipped,
fell, and rolled quite over his rider. At once the animal lunged to
his feet, only to be immediately seized by the nearest rider. But the
Dos Cabesas man lay still, his arms and legs spread abroad, his head
doubled sideways in a horribly suggestive manner. We hopped off. Two
men straightened him out, while two more looked carefully over the
indications on the ground.

"All right," sang out one of them, "the horn didn't catch him."

He pointed to the indentation left by the pommel. Indeed five minutes
brought the man to his senses. He complained of a very twisted back.
Homer set one of the men in after the bed-wagon, by means of which the
sufferer was shortly transported to camp. By the end of the week he
was again in the saddle. How men escape from this common accident with
injuries so slight has always puzzled me. The horse rolls completely
over his rider, and yet it seems to be the rarest thing in the world
for the latter to be either killed or permanently injured.

Now each man had the privilege of looking through the J H cuts to see
if by chance steers of his own had been included in them. When all had
expressed themselves as satisfied, the various bands were started to
the corrals.

From a slight eminence where I had paused to enjoy the evening I looked
down on the scene. The three herds, separated by generous distance one
from the other, crawled leisurely along; the riders, their hats thrust
back, lolled in their saddles, shouting conversation to each other,
relaxing after the day's work; through the clouds strong shafts of
light belittled the living creatures, threw into proportion the
vastness of the desert.

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